Court Personnel

Court personnel involved in the trial of a case include the judge, the clerk of the court, the court reporter, the bailiff, staff attorneys, clerks, and lawyers for the parties.


The judge conducts the trial or other legal proceeding. The judge's role is to make sure all procedural rules are followed and to interpret the law. If the trial is held without a jury (called a bench trial), the judge also acts as the finder of facts in the case.

Clerk of the Court

The Clerk of the Court is the administrative officer of the court. The clerk keeps the court's records and schedules the trials.

Court Reporter

The court reporter makes a record of the trial or other proceeding by recording every word that is said during the courtroom proceedings. The court reporter makes a transcript of the trial upon request.


The bailiff is a law enforcement officer who maintains order in the courtroom.

Staff Attorneys and Law Clerks

Staff attorneys and law clerks do research for the judge and help draft the court's opinions or decisions.


The attorneys who represent the plaintiff (the party suing) and the defendant (the party being sued) are officers of the court. They are required to follow the court's rules and conduct themselves in a professional manner.

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